Title What Cognitive Interviews Tell Us about Bias in Cross-cultural Research: An Illustration Using Quality-of-life Items
Authors BENÍTEZ BAENA, ISABEL, Luis Padilla, Jose, van de Vijver, Fons, Cuevas, Amaya, BENÍTEZ BAENA, ISABEL
External publication No
Means Field Methods
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.02000
SJR Impact 0.67600
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85049643749&doi=10.1177%2f1525822X18783961&partnerID=40&md5=9bc6b1a96ff85430083975e01e7797fb
Publication date 01/11/2018
ISI 000447508000002
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85049643749
DOI 10.1177/1525822X18783961
Abstract This study illustrates how the cognitive interviewing (CI) method can provide qualitative evidence of item, construct, and method bias in cross-cultural research. CI was conducted with participants from the Netherlands and Spain, who responded to quality-of-life (QoL) items included in international survey research projects. Qualitative findings indicate that, at the construct level, Spanish participants were more affected by the particular wording of the item stems, which made them modify their understanding of the intended constructs while answering, whereas Dutch participants were more focused on being consistent in their responses. At the item level, differences in the interpretation of key terms in QoL items were mainly related to translation and cultural issues. Method bias was manifested in the differential use of response options and anchor labels. Results of the study support the contribution and usefulness of CI to informing about the three types of bias from a qualitative approach.
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