Título After-school time use of urban adolescents: Effects on achievement, problem behaviors, and happiness
Autores Martins, Paula Cristina, Oliveira, Vitor Hugo, Mendes, Silvia Maria, FERNÁNDEZ PACHECO ALISES, GLORIA, FERNÁNDEZ PACHECO ALISES, GLORIA
Publicación externa No
Medio J. Leis. Res.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 4
Cuartil SJR 2
Ámbito Internacional
Fecha de publicacion 01/01/2020
ISI 000554664000001
DOI 10.1080/00222216.2020.1785977
Abstract Leisure is a context for both risk and protection of adolescent well-being. Using a person-centered analysis, the present study examined the links between after-school time use and the adjustment of an urban sample of 7th-12th graders (n = 3,808), who self-reported on their leisure activities, school achievement, problem behaviors, and happiness. Results indicated that time use patterns were distributed in five clusters: Creative/Social, Productive/Home, High-Social/Sports, Uninvolved/Sports, and Uninvolved/Home. These patterns of time use varied by age, gender and SES, and were linked with adolescent outcomes in a way that adolescents involved with multiple constructive activities presented better adjustment compared with their either uninvolved or socially oriented counterparts. Specific groups of adolescents were at higher risk for problem behaviors linked to after-school time use. These findings have relevant implications for evidence-based interventions and policies aiming at promoting adolescent well-being and targeting at-risk populations of youth.
Palabras clave Health; leisure activities; person-centered analysis; psychosocial adjustment; youth
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