Sense of coherence, engagement, and work environment as precursors of psychological distress among non-health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain

Por: Ruíz Frutos, Carlos, Ortega Moreno, Mónica, Allande Cussó, Regina, Ayuso Murillo, Diego, Gómez Salgado, Juan, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA

Medio: Saf. Sci.

Alcance: Article

Naturaleza: Científica

Cuartil JCR: 1

Cuartil SJR: 1

Ámbito: Internacional

Web: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85092477724&doi=10.1016%2fj.ssci.2020.105033&partnerID=40&md5=f930f057faba3789269e81eb7555dd06

Fecha de publicacion: 07/10/2020

ISI: 000590202600039

Scopus Id: 2-s2.0-85092477724

DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105033

Abstract:
Background: The interrelationship between the sense of coherence, work environment, work engagement, and psychological distress have particular interest in non-health workers who carried out essential activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: To assess the effects of the COVID-19 on the physical and mental health of non-health workers. Design: Observational descriptive cross-sectional study. Data sources: 1089 questionnaires have been analysed. Engagement (UWES-9), sense of coherence (SOC-13), mental health (Goldberg GHQ-12), demographic data, perception of health and stress and work environment were assessed. Results: At low levels of engagement, the percentage of distress is higher (77.9%). Low levels of sense of coherence correspond to the highest percentages of distress (86.3%). The 94.1% believe it necessary for professionals and volunteers involved in COVID-19 to receive psychological support. Low comprehensibility is mediated by the perception of stress; if the perception is low, comprehensibility is modulated by the level of significance; if it is low, it generates 95.9% of distress. Conclusion: The interrelationship between the sense of coherence, work environment, work engagement, and psychological distress have particular interest in non-health workers who carried out essential activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost all respondents believed that professionals and volunteers involved in COVID-19 should receive psychological support. This may be an indicator of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on workers’ mental health. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Palabras clave: Employment; Human engineering; Surveys; Cross-sectional study; Data-sources; Demographic data; Mental health; Psychological distress; Sense of coherences; Work engagements; Work environments; Health;

Autores de la Universidad Loyola: