Título Socioeconomic Status, Culture, and Reading Comprehension in Immigrant Students
Autores IBAÑEZ ALFONSO, JOAQUÍN ALEJANDRO, Andres Hernandez-Cabrera, Juan , Andoni Dunabeitia, Jon , Estevez, Adelina , Macizo, Pedro , Teresa Bajo, Maria , Fuentes, Luis J. , Saldana, David
Publicación externa No
Medio Front. Psychol.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 4.23200
Impacto SJR 0.87300
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85120632821&doi=10.3389%2ffpsyg.2021.752273&partnerID=40&md5=268db6a5aca43c85cc91d885d982262f
Fecha de publicacion 19/11/2021
ISI 000726359000001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85120632821
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.752273
Abstract Research on reading comprehension in immigrant students is heterogeneous and conflicting. Differences in socioeconomic status and cultural origins are very likely confounds in determining whether differences to native pupils can be attributed to immigrant status. We collected data on 312 Spanish students of Native, of Hispanic origin-therefore with the same family language as native students- and Non-Hispanic origin, while controlling for socioeconomic status, non-verbal reasoning and school membership. We measured reading comprehension, knowledge of syntax, sentence comprehension monitoring, and vocabulary. Differences among groups appeared only in vocabulary and syntax (with poorer performance in the non-Hispanic group), with no differences in reading comprehension. However, regression analyses showed that most of the variability in reading comprehension was predicted by age, socioeconomic status, non-verbal reasoning, and comprehension monitoring. Group membership did not significantly contribute to explain reading comprehension variability. The present study supports the idea that socioeconomically disadvantaged students, both native and immigrants from diverse cultural backgrounds, irrespective of the language of origin, are probably equally at risk of poor reading comprehension.
Palabras clave reading comprehension; immigrants; socioeconomic status; second language learners; culture; Spanish
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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