Title Gender disinformation: analysing hoaxes on Maldito Feminismo
Authors HERRERO DIZ, PAULA, PÉREZ ESCOLAR, MARTA, PLAZA SANCHEZ, JUAN FRANCISCO, HERRERO DIZ, PAULA, PÉREZ ESCOLAR, MARTA, PLAZA SANCHEZ, JUAN FRANCISCO
External publication No
Means Icono14
Scope Article
Nature Científica
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85091930754&doi=10.7195%2fRI14.V18I2.1509&partnerID=40&md5=4e8e1304612ef07ef3d5fad266df612e
Publication date 01/07/2020
ISI 000546431900009
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85091930754
DOI 10.7195/ri14.v18i2.1509
Abstract Information disorder (satire or parody, false connections, misleading content, false context, imposter content, manipulated content or fabricated content) is a social problem that is causing collective damages. Women, in particular, are becoming victims of hostilities on the digital scenario. This problem is currently known as "digital sexism" and "gender disinformation". In this context, verification journalism, a trendy format, aims to reduce the effects of hoaxes introducing the fact-checking process in its professional routines. However, this is still a minority task. In order to contribute to the study of the disinformation phenomenon in relation to online messages about women, this research has developed a systematic tool to classify hoaxes that have been refuted by the platform Maldita.es, specifically, on its sections Maldito Feminismo (N=71). This tool, inspired by the taxonomies created by Derakhshan & Wardle (2017), Tandoc, Lim & Ling (2018) and Molina, Sundar, Le & Lee (2019), allows you to categorize fake news according to the type of information disorder, the agent, the message and the interpreter. The results of this study (internal validity) show that hoaxes detected by Maldito Feminismo are misleading content that expect to damage feminism (this is the main topic of fake news) and have a political purpose. These information disorders are displayed in text format and are mainly created and distributed on social networks. Moreover, although users collaborate and participate detecting and reporting hoaxes, the platform Maldito Feminismo identifies, locates and denounces most of the fake news.
Keywords Feminis; Fact-checkin; Hoax; Disinformation; Gender; Fake news
Universidad Loyola members