Title Implicit and explicit assessment of materialism: Associations with happiness and depression
Authors MUÑIZ VELÁZQUEZ, JOSÉ ANTONIO, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, LÓPEZ CASQUETE DE PRADO, MANUEL, MUÑIZ VELÁZQUEZ, JOSÉ ANTONIO, LÓPEZ CASQUETE DE PRADO, MANUEL, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means Pers. Individ. Differ.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.96700
SJR Impact 1.18100
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85018505609&doi=10.1016%2fj.paid.2017.04.033&partnerID=40&md5=9a2cde94e51cb3bace843f694c341313
Publication date 01/10/2017
ISI 000404490800020
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85018505609
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.033
Abstract Research to date have begun to provide evidence that indicate that doing things, or having experiences, is more strongly related with psychological well-being than having material goods. However, most studies have used self-report measures to assess materialism, while implicit measures seem to provide an objective and less biased approach. In the present study we aimed the implicit assessment of the materialism, and the study of the links between psychological well-being and materialism. To reach these aims, a sample of 327 Spanish consumers, aged from 18 to 65 years old filled in some self-report measures, i.e. Pemberton Happiness Index, Major Depression Inventory and the reduced version of Material Values Scale. Furthermore, the same participants completed an Implicit Association Test developed in order to assess implicit materialism. A reliable and valid implicit measure of materialism has been developed. Both explicitly and implicitly measures of materialism were modestly associated, whereas only explicit measures of materialism were associated with self-reported happiness and depression. Specifically, increased happiness and less depressive symptoms were observed in those participants with lower explicit materialism. Our conclusions agree with other previous studies, concluding greater psychological well-being as a consequence of the consumption of experiences, compared to consumption of materialistic goods. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords IAT; Implicit; Materialism; Material; Eudaimonia; Happiness; Depression
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