Title Partial oxycombustion-calcium looping hybridisation for CO2 capture in waste-to-energy power plants
Authors ORTIZ DOMÍNGUEZ, CARLOS, GARCÍA LUNA, SEBASTIAN, Chacartegui R. , Valverde J.M. , Pérez-Maqueda L.
External publication No
Means J. Clean. Prod.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85163593766&doi=10.1016%2fj.jclepro.2023.136776&partnerID=40&md5=dcf3242cbee1d18d60df574d6079c76f
Publication date 01/06/2023
ISI 001054140700001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85163593766
DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.136776
Abstract Integrating bioenergy and carbon capture and storage (BECCS) presents a great opportunity for power production with negative global CO2 emissions. This work explores a novel synergetic system that integrates membranes, partial biomass oxycombustion and the calcium looping (CaL) process. Polymeric membranes generate oxygen-enriched air (OEA) with an O2 concentration of 39%v/v, which is used for partial oxycombustion of biomass waste. The CO2-enriched flue gas evolves from the waste-to-energy plant to the CaL unit, where CO2 concentration is increased up to 90–95%v/v, ready for purification and sequestration. Compared to only oxycombustion systems, the proposed concept presents fewer technological challenges in retrofitting boilers to waste-to-energy plants. Moreover, this new approach is highly efficient as integrating membranes to produce OEA instead of cryogenic distillation systems significantly reduces energy consumption. A novel integration concept is modelled to evaluate the whole process efficiency and the effect of key parameters on the system performance, such as the temperature of the reactors, the membrane surface area, and the partial oxy-combustion degree. The results show that the so-called mOxy-CaL system has an energy consumption associated with CO2 capture below 4 MJ/kg CO2 (a 31% lower than that for a conventional CaL process), with a higher CO2 capture efficiency than oxycombustion and the CaL process separately. On the other hand, the economic analysis shows a higher CO2 capture cost for the novel configuration than for the typical CaL configuration due to the additional investment cost of the membrane system. Improvements in membrane performance by increasing its permeance and diminishing the required surface area would significantly reduce the economic cost of this novel integration. Using membranes with permeance over 400 GPU would boost the system\'s competitiveness. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords Biomass; Calcium; Carbon capture; Cost benefit analysis; Distillation; Economic analysis; Energy utilization; Investments; Membrane technology; Retrofitting; Waste incineration; Biomass combustion; Ca
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