Title Relation between Droplet Size Distributions and Physical Stability for Zein Microfluidized Emulsions
Authors SANTOS GARCÍA, JENIFER, Trujillo-Cayado, Luis Alfonso , Carrillo, Francisco , Lopez-Castejon, Maria Luisa , Alfaro-Rodriguez, Maria Carmen
External publication Si
Means Polym.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 5.00000
SJR Impact 0.72000
Publication date 01/06/2022
ISI 000809024600001
DOI 10.3390/polym14112195
Abstract Zein, a subproduct of the food industry and a protein, possesses limited applications due to its high hydrophobic character. The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of homogenization pressure and cycles on the volumetric mean diameter (D-4,D-3), span values, and Turbiscan Stability Index (TSI) using the response surface methodology for microfluidized emulsions containing zein as a unique stabilizer. Results showed that homogenization pressure seems to be the most influential parameter to obtain enhanced physical stability and droplet size distributions, with the optimum being 20,000 psi. Interestingly, the optimum number of cycles for volumetric diameter, span value, and TSI is not the same. Although a decrease of D-4,D-3 with number of cycles is observed (optimum three cycles), this provokes an increase of span values (optimum one cycle) due to the recoalescence effect. Since physical stability is influenced by D-4,D-3 and span, the minimum for TSI is observed at the middle level of the cycles (2 cycles). This work highlights that not only volumetric diameter, but also span value must be taken into consideration in order to obtain stable zein emulsions. In addition, this study wants to extend the limited knowledge about zein-based emulsions processed with a Microfluidizer device.
Keywords emulsion; droplet size distribution; microfluidization; Pickering emulsion; response surface methodology; Turbiscan Stability Index; zein
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