Title Spanish adolescents and fake news: level of awareness and credibility of information (Los adolescentes españoles frente a las fake news: nivel de conciencia y credibilidad de la información)
Authors HERRERO DIZ, PAULA, CONDE JIMÉNEZ, JESÚS, REYES DE CÓZAR, SALVADOR
External publication No
Means CULTURE AND EDUCATION
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 3
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.22600
SJR Impact 0.45800
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85100947948&doi=10.1080%2f11356405.2020.1859739&partnerID=40&md5=d1c76967b0a55de6f5f8a6035786cf33
Publication date 02/01/2021
ISI 618248900001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85100947948
DOI 10.1080/11356405.2020.1859739
Abstract Young people’s exposure to fake news is a growing concern in terms of the risks that are beginning to emerge related to health (anxiety and stress), democracy (loss of trust in the media and institutions) and post-truth (permanent questioning of the facts). To ascertain Spanish adolescents’ exposure to false news, their level of awareness and how they value the credibility of digital information, the ‘CHECK-M’ questionnaire was designed and administered to 480 adolescents (N = 480). The results reveal that most have heard of fake news but trust their abilities to detect this kind of content. This self-confidence leads them to also state that they know that there is information designed explicitly to deceive citizens. However, when evaluating the veracity of information, they do not attach importance to fundamental criteria such as having a recognized author or being accurate. This raises the need to reinforce adolescents’ critical thinking starting in the most elementary stages of education. © 2021 Fundacion Infancia y Aprendizaje.
Keywords young adolescents; fake news; digital information; evaluation; credibility; jovenes adolescentes; noticias falsas; informacion digital; evaluacion; credibilidad
Universidad Loyola members

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